Rattlesnakes and Horses

Rattlesnakes and Horses

It’s sure that time of the year! I know they’re out all around here in California, with all the rain lately.

We read a really great blog here at Equus Magazine. It’s a very thorough blog about treatments, signs, and stories of actual events, that many of you probably can attest to yourselves.

Equus Magazine – Snake Bites

Photo by Farm Fresh Forensics


Fly Spray, Hoof Salve and Detangler

Green Horse Organics has the finest Organic fly spray on earth, made from Pure Botanicals and powerful essential oils in healing conditioning base. Pure cosmetic grade ingredients in just the right amounts to create this one of a kind private handcrafted blend. Premium Ingredients-Lemon Eucalyptus, Spanish Lavender, Lemongrass, Neem Oil, clove bud, Tea Tree, Rosemary, Himilayan Cedar, Palmarosa to name a few and a perfect base of witch hazel, grapeseed oil, Avocado oil, Ricebran oil Coconut Oil and Sunflower oil.

Green Horse Organics


In addition to the best fly spray that’s an organic fly control, there so much more. 
Hoof Salve Herbal

Herbal Hoof Treatment– Repair ,Condition and Balance hoof Moisture. Defend against wet hoof conditions, fungus, thrush and bacteria. Repair cracks and dry heels while forming a protective barrier to keep out excess water creating unhealthy mushy hooves. Dip your hands into this luxurious butter and enjoy the healing benefits yourseld. One application Lasts several days on hooves making them look healthier and stronger, just the way mother nature intended. Apply by hand or hoof brush inside and out of hoof. 16 oz. Jar

Green Horse Organics Mane and Tail Detangler
CPR Mane & Tail Detangler Breathe life back into manes and tails! CPR will also Condition-Protect-Repair Dry ,tangled, parched, damaged hair. Makes hair smooth, silky and shiny without Silicones or any harsh ingredients. Nourishing oils and botanical extracts Revive strands, Promote growth, prevent breakage and make your horse shine like a Rockstar-Naturally! Works great even on dirty tails as well as freshly washed tails. Makes combing easy, removes, knots, burs and whirls. Condition hair with beautiful oils of coconut, jojoba, grapeseed, shea and sunflower for UV protection. Bring back radiance and shine. Huge 32 oz. Spray bottle

You can find so much more at Green Horse Organics Online Shop here.

Flies and Horses

Flies and Horses

Source: Southern States


“The temperatures are rising, the days keep getting longer and we all want to spend more time at the barn with our horses. Unfortunately, humans aren’t the only ones itching to get out to the barn during this time of year. Flies are getting ready to make your barn their home.


Not only are these insects annoying, but they can spread disease. When flies bite your horse and feed on his blood, in serious cases, they can potentially cause digestive problems and even stunt your horse’s growth. In order to protect both your horse and barn from fly infestation this, year it’s important to understand the fly life cycle.

Understanding the Fly Life Cycle

While many types of flies can bug your horse during spring and summer, you will most likely be dealing with house flies and stable flies.  These thrive around horse barns as they prefer horses and manure for both feeding and breeding locations.

The fly life cycle consists of four stages – egg, larva (maggot), pupa and adult. Most flies go from egg to adult in 2-4 weeks, with adult flies living 3-4 weeks. However, depending on the environmental conditions this lifecycle can be sped up.

Adult flies typically lay their eggs on fresh manure and moist organic material. Depending on the species the eggs hatch within 1-3 days and the larvae feeds on the manure where they hatched. The pupa stage is when the fly continues to develop its exoskeleton. After 2-4 weeks in pupa stage the adult fly emerges ready to bite our horses.

Effective equine fly control is accomplished by using a combination of control methods that target each stage of the life cycle.

Equine Manure Management

Manure piles are fly breeding heaven. Did you know the average 1000 pound horse generates 50 pounds of manure a day? Therefore, proper manure management is essential in the prevention of fly breeding.  Getting manure out of the stall as quickly as possible is the first step. You don’t want to inadvertently create a fly breeding ground in your horse’s stall. So, the more manure removed from the stall the less desirable area for egg deposition. Once you remove the manure make sure to store it as far away as possible from your barn.

Not only does manure in stalls need to be removed, but manure deposited in your pasture needs to be dealt with as well. Field deposited manure helps fertilize your horse’s pasture, however it also serves as a fly breeding ground. Areas where horses congregate such as water troughs, shady areas, run-in sheds and gates should be cleaned weekly at a minimum to diminish fly breeding and control parasites.

In addition to picking your fields, you can also drag the fields to evenly distribute manure in a thin layer over a wide area. This will allow the manure to quickly dry out. As flies deposit eggs in the top few inches of moist manure, minimizing moist manure surface area is an effective fly reduction strategy. Flies cannot develop in dry environments, so spreading manure thinly is the first step in trying to break the fly life cycle.

Remember, it’s easier and more effective to prevent fly breeding than to control adult flies. So the quicker you can remove their habitat, the less likely you are to see these pests.

Horse Fly Predators

Fly predators are nature’s first line of defense in controlling flies. As horse owners are getting more and more concerned about products that are safe for use on their horses and the environment fly predators are gaining popularity. Fly predators are tiny non-stinging wasps that are part of a total farm fly control program. These wasps both lay eggs in the fly pupa as well as feed on fly larvae while it is in the manure around your farm. By eating the larvae fly predators break the fly life cycle. In addition, the eggs the predators laid hatch and naturally increase their predator population on your farm.

Although naturally occurring, fly predators are usually not found in large enough amounts to control the entire aggressive fly population at your barn. However it is because of the naturally occurring predators that without adding additional predators, your barn isn’t consumed by flies.

So where do you get fly predators? Many companies sell horse fly parasites and will ship them to you. When they arrive all you have to do is open the bag they came in and dump the contents on a small manure pile at dusk. These nocturnal wasps will do the rest and neither you nor your horse will probably ever know they are around.

During horse fly season (April to September) fly predators should be replenished once a month. Although one release of predators can temporarily reduce the fly population it is important to apply predators more than once to ensure you have enough predators to attack the latest deposited eggs and their larvae.

Fly predators can travel up to 80 yards to find fly pupa and larvae to feed on. So, it’s important to make sure you spread the predators around areas throughout your farm where manure and moisture prone areas are located.

Insect Growth Regulator (IGR)

Another way to break the fly life cycle is through feeding your horse a supplement containing Insect Growth Regulator (IGR). At Southern States we sell Pfizer Solitude IGR a feed-through horse fly preventative which, when mixed ½ oz into a horse’s feed daily will prevent house and stable fly development.

IGRs work by disrupting the pupa (molting) stage in the fly life cycle. Cyromazine, the active ingredient of Solitude IGR, safely passes through the horse’s system and is excreted in the manure. The cyomazine prevents the new exoskeleton from forming properly, causing the insect to die and never reach adulthood.

Although it is nearly impossible to remove all potential fly breeding grounds from your farm, IGRs are a great way to help reduce the fly population. There should be a noticeable different in your fly population after 2 weeks of feeding an IGR and full results will be seen within four to six weeks of feeding the IGR.

Cyromazine has been safely used in horses since 2001.  Extensive research by the United States Department Of Agriculture (USDA) shows that Cyromazine is safe for horses, other mammals, beneficial insects, birds and fish.

If you are planning on introducing an IGR component to your fly prevention program, all horses on your property should be feed the Insect Growth Regulator for maximum effectiveness. Ideally feeding should start in later March prior to the beginning of fly season and continue until the first hard frost of the fall. However, regardless of when you start you will notice a reduction in your fly population.

Horse Fly Repellent

There are two types of fly repellent available to protect your horse from adult flies, spray on and feed through. There are a number of fly spray products on the market that can be used to repel and kill flies. Although these products can be pricey, you can use them to meet the fly protection needs of your individual horse.

At Southern States, we offer a variety of different fly spray for you to choose from ranging from standard chemical based to newer non-toxic herbal alternatives. Regardless of which type you choose be sure to read the label for application instructions. Remember fly spray needs to be reapplied as horses sweat, get wet and after exposure to direct sunlight as this can lower the effectiveness of the repellent.

An alternative to external fly repellent is to feed your horse an internal fly repellent. There are several products out on the market that have been specially developed to deter flies from landing on your horse or you can go with old fashion garlic and apple cider vinegar. Internal fly repellent works by having the horse secret oils that will repel flies and keep flies from biting.

As flies “taste” with their feet, only they will know the horse smells and therefore taste bad. Humans will not be able to notice the difference. It takes a while to build up this bad tasting effect so it is recommended that you combine internal with external fly repellent at the beginning of the equine fly season. When using feed through repellent it is not necessary for every horse on your property to be receiving it in their feed.

Horse Fly Spray Systems

A more comprehensive approach to fly repellent is to install an insect control system in your horse barn. The system automatically delivers a fine mist of insecticide at preset intervals throughout your facility. You can design the system to meet the needs and configuration of your barn to ensure that you have nozzles placed strategically over stalls, aisle ways or wherever you have an insect control problem.

Water-based and plant-based insecticides can be used with the insect control system so you do not have to worry about potential toxicity affecting your horses, dogs, cats and people that inhabit your barn.

Once the system is installed it works 24 hours a day giving you peace of mind that regardless of whether or not you are at the barn, you are actively controlling your insect population. These systems are designed to be virtually maintenance-free.

Equine Fly Gear

Regardless what fly prevention strategies you put in place there will most likely always be some bugs around your horse this Spring and Summer. If you have a horse that is especially sensitive to bug bites you may want to consider dressing them in equine fly gear.

A horse fly mask can be used to protect the horse’s eyes from flies. Flies are attracted to the moisture around horses’ eyes as well as goop that comes out of the horse’s eyes. A fly mask can help prevent the flies from irritating not only your horse’s face, but it can also help reduce the stress level associated with constant bugging by flies.

Fly sheets are another great clothing option for horses while they are turned out. Like fly masks, the tightly weaved material that makes up fly sheets prevents flies from being about to bite the horse through the material. Another benefit to both fly sheets and masks is not only do they protect your horse from pesky insects but they also protect them from harmful UV rays.

General Barn Keeping

Now that you have unleashed your fly prevention arsenal it’s important to reevaluate your daily cleaning and maintenance around your horse barn. Make sure your garbage cans have tight fitting lids, lined with plastic bags. This will reduce odors and attract fewer egg laying flies. Also when possible try to keep your garbage as far away from the barn as possible.

Your horse feed room is another potential fly haven. Make sure you sweep out the feed room each day to avoid having spilled feed lying around. Store horse feed in a tightly sealed container or bin that won’t let the odors out and will prevent flies from getting in.

Look around your farm for potential fly breeding grounds. Do you have rotting round hay bales, loose straw or hay, mulch or leaves? Clean them up! Flies love laying eggs in moist organic material and a little preventative measures up front can go great lengths when it comes to horse care.

There is no single fly control program that can completely eliminate flies from your barn, pasture area and horse, however using the tips above, understanding basic fly control and creating a fly management program for your barn can help reduce the population. Not only are horses happier when there are less flies, but they are healthier too.”

Bee Natural Leathercare

Leathercare by Bee Natural


BEE NATURAL LEATHERCARE traces it’s roots in the leather and leather care industry back to Europe, where the family heritage of working with leather, and the love and care for one of natures most versatile gifts began. Since incorporation in 1977, the company’s product line has continually grown. All of us at Bee Natural Leathercare thank our customers for making us what we are today. 

BEE NATURAL LEATHERCARE PRODUCTS contain superior ingredients designed to keep your leather goods in perfect condition. Treated with our specially blended lotions and soaps, your leather will remain soft, supple and breathable. Our products are professionally formulated for the care and protection of leather, regardless of its application. 

BEE NATURAL LEATHERCARE manufactures environmentally safe leather cleaners, leather conditioners, leather waterproofing, and carving and forming solutions for every leather care demand. These extraordinary leather care products can be safely used on any shoe or boot; from dress shoes to heavy duty work, athletic, or exotic footwear, including leathers obtained from alligator, reptile, eel, lizard, snake or ostrich.

Reber Ranch

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We understand not all your pets can fit on your lap, so we offer all the supplies you need to keep your equine friends healthy and happy, too! Owning a horse is a lifestyle that represents passion and commitment to your special pet. Reber Ranch has everything from equine supplements, wormers, and treats to halters and leads, as well as gear for the stall and a beautiful boarding facility. We carry only the best brands of feed and supplements, and our premium hay is grown at our own Round Lake Farms in Soap Lake, WA.

Northwest Equine Dentistry 

Northwest Equine Dentistry

Northwest Equine Dentistry provides state-of-the-art equine dental care combined with red carpet client service for referring veterinarians, discriminating individual horse owners, professional trainers, small and large boarding/ training facilities. We have a program to fit your needs. We are a comprehensive equine dental practice providing nearly every type of equine dental care from routine maintenance to advanced diagnostics and complex extraction procedures.
Northwest Equine Dentistry
Meet Dr. Mary

Dr. Mary DeLorey graduated from the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine in 1992 and has been in equine practice in Washington ever since. Her practice is devoted exclusively to high quality general and advanced equine dentistry. Northwest Equine Dentistry’s mission is to complement and enhance the care that your horse gets from your regular equine veterinarian.

“During my 8 years in general equine practice, my time and interests focused increasingly on equine dentistry. In 2001, I decided to devote all my professional energies to this one discipline. I acquired more and more specialized training, traveling to work one-on-one with some of the most respected and experienced practitioners in the world to fine tune my skills. Every year I have the pleasure to meet over 1000 exceptional horses to help owners provide the very best in equine dental care.” Read more ….

New Listing – Maria Danieli

New Listing with Maria Danieli.

Explore this Georgian inspired Farmhouse suited to perfection. Enjoy extra depth covered porches, grand entry foyer & voluminous spaces throughout this lovely 2 story home.

Meet Maria Danieli, she has extensive experience in Equestrian and Acreage Properties.

For over 25 years, Maria Danieli has specialized in helping clients purchase and sell equestrian properties, luxury acreage homes, and country estates. A widely recognized leader in her niche, Maria draws on her vast network of contacts to provide maximum targeted exposure for each home she represents. Learn more here.